In 1950, Alan Turing invented the Turing Test as a way to determine if a computer program could think like a human. He proposed that a set of judges talk to one computer connected to a human and one running an artificial intelligence program. If the judges were fooled by the computer program then it was truly intelligent.
Two years later Turing, the father of binary computing, was arrested and prosecuted for engaging in homosexual activities. In 1954, he committed suicide.
From the archives of The Netly News
The article concludes, "Did Turing still want to see a computer that thought
like a human?"